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Research, Studies & Agency Guidelines

The links below include research and studies on the impacts of wind development, including studies specific to Wisconsin windfarms. Most of the studies are in Adobe Acrobat (pdf) format.

Human Impact

Environmental Impact

Economic Impact

Wind Power’s Contribution to Wisconsin’s Local Economies

Annual Revenue Payments to All Governments and Landowners from Wind Power Projects Subject to 2003 Act 311
Project Owner Towns Counties Governments Landowners2 Total
Glacier Hills We Energies Randolph, Scott Columbia $648,000 $675,000 $1,318,0001
Blue Sky, Green Field We Energies Marshfield, Calumet Fond du Lac $580,000 $440,000 $1,020,000
Forward Invenergy Byron, Oakfield, Leroy, Lomira Fond du Lac, Dodge $516,000 $430,000 $946,000
Cedar Ridge WPL Eden, Empire Fond du Lac $270,000 $205,000 $ 477,000
Butler Ridge NextEra Energy Herman Dodge $216,000 $180,000 $396,000
Shirley Duke Energy Glenmore Brown $80,0003 $80,000 $160,000
Total       $2,310,000 $2,010,000 $4,320,000

1Act 31, passed in 2003, established a statewide formula for allocating state gross receipts tax payments back to host local governments. This formula does not apply to wind generation facilities built before 2003


3Includes payments to neighboring landowners

Wind Power's Effect on Property Values

Agency Guidelines

U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service: Land-Based Wind Energy Guidelines

These Guidelines are intended to:

Other Research

Wisconsin Resource Study Reports

Supply & Transmission Studies